5 major causes for acne and how to treat it

by HomeDecorBeauty

Acne is an inflammatory skin disease caused by a series of events that occur in the pores of the skin. It starts with overactivity of the sebaceous glands, which supply excess sebum to the attached hair follicles. Hormones, especially androgens in the body, play an important role in regulating the activity of the sebaceous glands in the skin. Elevated androgen levels in the body can cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum than needed. Genetics, puberty, menstrual cycles, female pregnancy and menopause, birth control pills, increased stress levels, and certain medications that contain corticosteroids or lithium are the most common causes of hormonal imbalances in the body, which can lead to increased sebum production in the skin. Sticky sebum traps dead skin and dirt inside the pores. This triggers the growth of acne bacteria, such as Propionibacterium acnes, which feed on a mixture of sebum and dead skin that clog hair follicles. This, in turn, leads to inflammation associated with pain, heat, and redness in the hair follicles, or acne for short. Occasionally, the walls of these blocked and inflamed pores burst, releasing white pus.

Vipin Sharma, Senior Product and Research Manager, Fixderma India Pvt Ltd:

Acne-prone skin is one of the most sensitive skin types. They are prone to seasons, allergies, and even flare-ups due to the wrong skincare routine. Here are some skincare mistakes that can lead to acne:

Not paying attention to labels

Acne-prone skin should always choose products that are oil-free and non-comedogenic. Otherwise the product will clog the pores and increase sebum production, which can lead to acne.

Excessive exfoliation

Exfoliation is important. But over-exfoliating can do more damage than one might think. Acne-prone skin should stay away from physical scrubs, as they can cause micro-tears and sensitize the skin. Chemical exfoliation; AHA, BHA based products are the most preferred option and should not be used more than twice a week. The concentration of AHA/BHA should be as recommended by a dermatologist.

Improper cleaning

Over-cleansing can lead to over-drying of the skin, depriving it of its natural moisturizers. The cleaner should be the correct kind. Use a salicylic acid- or benzoyl peroxide-based cleanser to prevent acne.

Avoiding Moisturizers and Using the Wrong Moisturizer

Heavy and oily moisturizers can clog pores and trigger breakouts. Acne-prone skin should always use a light-weight, oil- and gel-free moisturizer. remember! Even oily, acne-prone skin needs a moisturizer, but choose the right type.

Not removing makeup properly

Clogged and infected pores are the biggest contributors to acne flare-ups. After applying makeup, the skin should be double cleansed to ensure that the last traces of makeup are removed.

avoid sunscreen

Acne-prone skin may find sunscreen sticky and heavy, but avoiding it can lead to sun damage and heat sensitivity. Sun exposure can dry out your skin, which can then overcompensate by increasing oil production. This results in oily and greasy skin, which can lead to clogged pores, which can lead to acne.

Dr Shibani Bhatia, MBBS, MD Dermatology, DNB, FAGE, MRCP (SCE) UK, Kaya from Goregaon:

There are few beauty myths, and most people agree that acne only occurs in teenagers, but it’s also common in adults. Those pimples you see on your face or neck are basically due to excess sebum (production of skin oil) filling up your hair follicles and inflammation. There may be certain factors that are triggering your acne right now.

With current lifestyle trends, common causes of acne include –

Hormonal Fluctuations – Stimulates your sebaceous glands to produce excess oil, leading to breakouts. These can be due to changes in your hormones that occur before or during your month or when you start or stop birth control pills.Polycystic ovary syndrome – common in girls these days, another hormonal cause of acne

Stress and lack of sleep can overproduce androgens in the body, which can lead to inflamed acne, which in turn can lead to more stress. So better take it easy!

Diet – Not everyone has diet-related acne.But be aware if foods high in sugar, milk, or fried foods can aggravate your acne, and try to minimize these

Bacteria from phone screens or pillowcases or dirty makeup brushes can cause breakouts on the side of your face and chin.Make sure you’re not only cleaning your face, but also your phone screen, and change your makeup brushes from time to time

Using the wrong skin care products or using too many products can also cause your breakouts.

Treatment of acne depends on the severity and you will need a prescription from a dermatologist. They will give retinoids, antibiotics, azelaic acid, or some hormonal medications. However, there are a few things you can do at home to combat these breakouts, such as using a foaming cleanser and opting for a salicylic acid serum in the morning, such as an acne corrector that unclogs pores, and using a niacinamide-based moisturizer and a good Supplement with SPF. At night you can go for a retinol serum, it works great for acne and acne marks too!

In addition to this, certain procedures such as acne peels and carbon laser toning are performed from time to time


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